In November last year they had issued a threat of sorts in the form of:
African, Caribbean & Pacific issue declaration to EU "To refrain from any attempts to impose its values which are not freely shared"
and in March they: African, Caribbean & Pacific Countries refuse to include declaration of gay rights in Brussels.
- Negotiations were concluded on 19/03/2010.
- Official signature ceremony took place in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, on 23/06/2010.
- Revised Cotonou agreement will be applicable on a provisional basis from 01/11/2010.
- The growing importance of regional integration in ACP countries and in ACP-EU cooperation is reflected. Its role in fostering cooperation and peace and security, in promoting growth and in tackling cross-border challenges is emphasized. In Africa, the continental dimension is also recognized, and the African Union becomes a partner of the EU-ACP relationship.
- Security and fragility : no development can take place without a secure environment. The new agreement highlights the interdependence between security and development and tackles security threats jointly. Attention is paid to peace building and conflict prevention. A comprehensive approach combining diplomacy, security and development cooperation is developed for situations of State fragility.
- Our ACP partners face major challenges if they are to meet the Millennium Development Goals, food security, HIV-AIDS and sustainability of fisheries. The importance of each of these areas for sustainable development, growth and poverty reduction is underlined, and joint approaches for our cooperation are now agreed.
- For the first time, the EU and the ACP recognize the global challenge of climate change as a major subject for their partnership. The parties commit to raising the profile of climate change in their development cooperation, and to support ACP efforts in mitigating and adapting to the effects of climate change.
- The trade chapter of the Agreement reflects the new trade relationship and the expiry of preferences at the end of 2007. It reaffirms the role of the Economic Partnership Agreements to boost economic development and integration into the world economy. The revised Agreement highlights the challenges ACP countries are facing to integrate better into the world economy, in particular the effects of preference erosion. It therefore underlines the importance of trade adaptation strategies and aid for trade .
- More actors in the partnership : the EU has been promoting a broad and inclusive partnership with ACP partners. The new agreement clearly recognizes the role of national parliaments, local authorities, civil society and private sector.
- More impact, more value for money : This second revision is instrumental in putting in practice the internationally agreed aid effectiveness principles, in particular donor coordination. It will also untie EU aid to the ACP countries to reduce transaction costs. For the first time, the role of other EU policies for the development of ACP countries is recognized and the EU commits to enhance the coherence of those policies to this end.
Overview of ACP-EC-Partnership Agreement ("The Cotonou Agreement")
- development cooperation,
- economic and trade cooperation, and
- the political dimension.
<>The partnership is centred on the objective of reducing and eventually eradicating poverty consistent with the objectives of sustainable development and the gradual integration of the ACP countries into the world economy (Art. 1 of Cotonou Agreement). The fundamental principles of the Cotonou Agreement
- equality of the partners and ownership of the development strategies;
- participation (central governments as the main partners, partnership open to different kinds of other actors)
- pivotal role of dialogue and the fulfilment of mutual obligations
- differentiation and regionalisation
- The actors of cooperation are:
- States (authorities and/or organisations of states at local, national and regional level);
- Non-state actors (private sector; economic and social partners, including trade union organisations, civil society in all its forms according to national characteristics).
The 10th EDF covers the period from 2008 to 2013 and has been allocated ? 22.7 billion; it was established between the EU Member States by Internal Agreement. In comparison to the 9th EDF which covered the period 2000 to 2007, the initial amount available has increased by almost 65 % (the 9th EDF was initially allocated ? 13.8 billion for 2000-2007).
The Cotonou Agreement provides for a revision clause which foresees that the agreement is adapted every five years till 2020.
- to preserve the relevance and the outstanding character of the Partnership between ACP and EU countries;
- to adapt the Agreement to recent major changes in international and ACP-EC relations;
- to further develop several themes that are essential for both parties:
- the political dimension, institutional issues and sector specific policy issues;
- economic cooperation, regional integration and trade;
- development finance cooperation, including humanitarian and emergency assistance and new development advances in aid programming and management.
The Cotonou Agreement established a unique partnership between the ACP States on the one hand, and the European Community and its Member States on the other hand.
When the initial news of the intention as espoused by David Cameron on GLBTQJA Wordpress I had expressed my concerns about the perception of countries being forced to adopt gay rights, we saw what happened when out going Prime Minister Golding made mention of us not caving in to foreign imposition during the invented gay marriage debate and the Charter of Rights. My two cents then was:
Seems there is no choice as our leaders just can't get passed holding on to power by playing to the gallery in the so called anti gay majority.