National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) are State bodies with a constitutional and/or legislative mandate to protect and promote human rights. They are part of the State apparatus and are funded by the State1. Their function as enumerated by the Paris Principles is to protect and promote the human rights secured by international law within the domestic sphere of Member States of the United Nations.
A PUTATIVE NHRI FRAMEWORK
The Paris Principles were adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in its 44th session on the 4th of March 1994. They established the minimum operational standard for NHRIs within several guidelines. The implications of these guidelines will be considered in order to weigh the possibility and merit of having an NHRI within the Jamaican jurisdiction. The first and second principles read as follow:
The promotion and protection of human rights go beyond the duty on States to respect the rights of the citizen; the latter is generally framed as a duty of non-interference. Protection involves positive action by the State to ensure observance of the right by both State and non-State actors and promotion involves making persons aware of their rights and how to access them.